Encantadia vs Ang Probinsyano

Encantadia vs Ang Probinsyano

People are driven apart by the two of the most watched teleseryes in the Philippines, Encantadia of GMA 7 and FPJ's Ang Probinsyano of ABS-CBN. According to a certain market research firm Encantadia leads the rating, but for another research group Ang Probinsyano takes the lead.

Encantadia vs Ang Probinsyano
The pictures are properties of their respective tv shows and tv networks. 

It's quite hard to determine who is leading and who is falling behind because a small portion could not represent the whole. Research institutions in the Philippines are only eliciting opinions or answers from a few hundreds of people and imagine there are millions of Filipinos out there. It is just like a survey during elections, sometimes the numbers turn out correct and sometimes they don't.

Being a fan of the two TV programs, I could not take side in any of them. It's for the respective supporters to decide. However, I would like to give you their downsides and their upsides.

Encantadia vs Ang Probinsyano - which of the two do you love watching? I have my own perspectives in random order below.



  1. It gives women the morale that they can lead and fight against their opposite sex. While most teleseryes feature gentlemen as heroes, Encantadia highlights girl power. This goes to show that same thing can also happen in real world.
  2. Like any other teleseryes, Encantadia promotes Filipino values such as compassion, charity, bravery, patience, conservatism and a whole lot more. This is great for the youth nowadays who seem to lose some of the Filipino core values.
  1. Although this is part of our daily lives, violence is something that we can't do away with even when we want to relax. That is, the show which we are supposed to be entertained, stresses us out instead because of stabbing, slashing, and the like.
  2. Viewers of this teleserye are not only kids at heart but also real kids who are not supposed to be exposed to violence. While the scenes are not very strong for their age, the idea of killings per se can likely affect their behavior equally.
Ang Probinsyano

  1. It wakes people up to fight drugs and criminality. This is very timely for our country as we are facing the same problems which need good guys to fight the bad guys. In reality, however, the situation could be far worse.
  2. The show proves that there are remaining good policemen who are honest and loyal to their call of duty. This contradicts the mindset of some individuals who have lost their confidence in men in uniform.
  1. Violence is also a feature of this teleserye. Shooting, killings, etc. are the order of the day. Why not? This show involves policemen, so things like them can't be avoided. However, this shouldn't be the kind of program kids are watching.
  2. The story seems to exaggerate what might actually happen. There are scenes and incidences that are hard to imagine. The marksmanship and physical strength of Cardo are something that can only be found in superhero movies.
You can watch GMA 7's Encantadia for free on this link and ABS-CBN's FPJ's Ang Probinsyano for free here.

Can you think of other upsides and downsides of these two teleseryes? Please write in the comment section below. Thanks for visiting.


GSAT Channel list (as of March 13, 2017)

GSAT is one of the fastest growing satellite TV providers mainly because of its affordability and a good enough quality. It has several load denominations to choose from. For people who want to pay only 99 pesos a month, they can opt for GPinoy, this is only available for households with installed GPinoy box and they never have to option to buy bigger load for more channels. But if you bought HD GSAT box, you can choose either 200, 300, or 500 pesos worth of card valid for 30 days.

People are asking what channels are available in GSAT HD. For you convenience, i list them down below.

Channel 1 - GNN (Global News Network)
Channel 2 - ABS-CBN
Channel 3 - CNN Philippines
Channel 4 - PTV 4
Channel 5 - TV 5
Channel 6 - New TV
Channel 7 - GMA 7
Channel 8 - Sports + Action
Channel 9 - Net 25
Channel 10 - Aksyon TV
Channel 11 - Global Theater 1 (GPC)
Channel 12 - Global Theater 2 (Fox Filipino)
Channel 13 - Global Theater 3
Channel 14 - Global Theater 4 (Thrill)
Channel 15 - Global Theater 5 (CBC)
Channel 16 - Global Theater 6 (amc)
Channel 17 - Global Theater 7 (KIX)
Channel 18 - Global Theater 8 (sine)
Channel 19 - Telenovela Channel
Channel 20 - AFN Prime (currently unavailable due to some technical problem)
Channel 21 - CCTV9
Channel 22 - Discovery Science
Channel 23 - Animal Planet
Channel 24 - Nick Jr.
Channel 25 - Animax
Channel 26 - Aljazeera
Channel 27 - Fox News
Channel 28 - Pinoy Extreme
Channel 29 - ChannelV
Channel 30 - Knowledge Channel
Channel 31 - NHK World
Channel 32 - Arirang
Channel 33 - Hope Channel
Channel 34 - EWTN
Channel 35 - RHTV
Channel 36 - BTV
Channel 37 - Boomerang
Channel 38 - UNTV
Channel 39 - DW
Channel 40 - EuroNews
Channel 41 - Russia Today
Channel 42 - ETC
Channel 43 - Global Theater 9 (currently unavailable due to some technical problem)
Channel 44 - Global Theater 10 (Fox)
Channel 45 - Global Theater 11 (WB TV)
Channel 46 - Global Theater 12
Channel 47 - CNN International
Channel 48 - Channel News Asia
Channel 49 - Bloomberg
Channel 50 - France 24
Channel 51 - CGTN
Channel 52 - Rai Italia
Channel 53 - NGC
Channel 54 - History
Channel 55 - INC
Channel 56 - Living Asia
Channel 57 - Sony Channel
Channel 58 - Lifetime
Channel 59 - 2nd Avenue
Channel 60 - AXN
Channel 61 - Star World
Channel 62 - Jack TV
Channel 63 - Fox Sports 1
Channel 64 - Fox Sports 2
Channel 65 - Nickelodeon
Channel 66 - Cartoon Network
Channel 67 - TVE Spanish
Channel 68 - TV5 Monde
Channel 69 - Fox Family HD
Channel 70 - Outdoor HD
Channel 71 - Global Sports 1 HD
Channel 72 - Global Sports 2 HD
Channel 73 - Global Sports 3 HD
Channel 74 - Discovery HD
Channel 75 - NG Wild HD
Channel 76 - FOX Sports 1 HD
Channel 77 - Fox Sports 2 HD
Channel 78 - Fight Sports HD
Channel 79 - Golf HD
Channel 80 - Warner TV HD
Channel 81 - HBO HD
Channel 82 - Fox Premium HD
Channel 83 - Fox Action HD
Channel 84 - NHK HD
Channel 85 - TTV
Channel 86 - CTV
Channel 87 - FTV
Channel 88 - Formosa News
Channel 89 - EBC News
Channel 90 - ERA News
Channel 91 - TVBS
Channel 92 - CTI
Channel 93 - Phoenix
Channel 94 - Shanghai Oriental
Channel 95 - Hunan TV
Channel 96 - CCTV 4
Channel 97 - Global Theater 13
Channel 98 - Global Theater 14
Channel 99 - Global Theater 15
Channel 100 - Global Theater 16
Channel 101 - AM Radio - DZMM
Channel 102 - AM Radio - DZRH
Channel 103 - AM Radio - DWIZ
Channel 104 - AM Radio - DZRJ
Channel 105 - FM - Love Radio
Channel 106 - FM - Natural Love
Channel 107 - FM Radio - IFM
Channel 108 - GSAT - Jazz
Channel 109 - GSAT - Rock
Channel 110 - GSAT - Pop

Read my GSAT Review here.

ABS-CBN Free Live Streaming

ABS-CBN Live Streaming

Do you want to watch ABS-CBN TV programs in real time? You have come to the right place. Watch ABS-CBN programs 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

ABS-CBN has iwant tv but it is only available in the Philippines. So, Filipinos abroad don't have access to the latest news and other TV programs aired on the said TV network. To give them the chance to watch ABS-CBN live streaming, we give our fellow Filipinos this link.


ABS-CBN is a Filipino commercial broadcast television network that is the flagship property of ABS-CBN Corporation, a company under Lopez Group. The network is headquartered at the ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center in Quezon City, with additional offices and production facilities in 25 major cities including Baguio, Naga, Cebu, and Davao. ABS-CBN is formally referred to as "The Kapamilya Network", Kapamilya is a Filipino term which means a member of a family, and was originally introduced in 2003 during the celebration of the 50th year anniversary of Philippine television. It is the largest television network in the country in terms of revenues, assets, and international coverage.

A lot of people are looking for a free ABS-CBN live streaming with no annoying ads. Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) are the top targets of free live TVs. There have been millions of websites out there which allow Filipinos abroad to watch Philippine TV programs replay for free. As these websites are illegal, respective owners of their videos could file a law suit against the blog publishers.

To redirect or steal internet traffic from these illegal sites, this page has been created. Astute bloggers worldwide are doing some tricky business to earn money from the hard work of other people. We all know that creating a video or TV program takes sweat, blood, and health on top of millions of money being spent. But a lot of publishers steal these videos and stream them in their sites. And they are not only earning centavos, but they make thousands of dollars a month. What they have been doing is so unfair to the creators of that video.

Giant networks in the Philippines have been suing these sites and a number of publishers have been arrested. However, until now a lot of sites still stream stolen videos. This is an outright piracy. There advertising network usually is Adsense which doesn't allow its ads to be shown on sites proliferating piracy. However, Adsense seems to be doing nothing, probably because of millions of money it can generate from the said sites. (News, C.Affairs, Entertainment - You can now watch what's showing on ABS-CBN through the iWant TV website and app!)

I know several site owners who have turned their lives from rags to riches because of uploading TV programs in their sites. They have bought houses and expensive cars. Truly unfair to ordinary citizens working very hard yet can barely buy their basic needs. ABS-CBN live, abs-cbn live streaming, abs-cbn free streaming. Watch it here.

How To Present An Oral Report Perfectly

Follow These Tips And Nail Your Oral Report

When you learn new information about a subject that interests you, you want to share it with others. Giving an oral report can be exciting. Your interest and enthusiasm can be "catching." Your audience's response can fuel your own enthusiasm.

how to nail an oral report

To be sure your oral report goes smoothly, practice ahead of time. If you practice in front of a mirror, you can check your posture and presentation. If you practice in front of friends or family, you can get a sense of how your audience will react.

Use the following guidelines when you make an oral report.
  • Your voice carries best when you stand tall - but not stiff. Feel free to shift your stance to stay comfortable.
  • Make eye contact with your listeners. As you speak, move your eyes from one person's face to the next.
  • Speak at a normal pace - or even a little slowly. Don't let nervousness make you rush.
  • Pause for a few seconds after each of your more important points. This lets listeners reflect on what you have said.

How To Write A Book Report

Sample Book Report and How to Write One

At times, students are required to write a book report by their English teacher. The task itself is very demanding especially if we don't know where to go from here after reading the lengthy story we have chosen.
How to make a book report
The dilemma comes when we sometimes mistakenly choose a book that doesn't interest us much that at the end of the day we don't only grow tired of reading but also we don't seem to get something out of the story at all. That is why the thing that we need to do before taking this challenge is to find a book that in some respects tickles our fancy.

After choosing the book to read and making sense of its content, we've got to do what are written below.
  1. Give the title and the author of the book
  2. State your general opinion about the book
    • Is the book exciting to read till the last page or is it boring that you don't want to finish reading it?
    • Is there a character that intrigues, fascinates, or interests you more than all the others in the story?
    • Is there a particular part of the book that is better than the rest?
    • Did you learn something from the book that you hadn't known before?
  3. Give reasons for the opinion you stated.
  4. Give your recommendations or suggestions for future readers.
Take a look at the sample book report below:

Yuletide Peril
Title of the Book

Irene Brand

Janice Reid - the heiress of her uncle's property, moved to Stanton from Willow Creek to claim it;
Brooke Reid - Janice's 11-year old sister;
John Reid - Janice's uncle who left his property to her;
Lance Gordon - a school principal who helps Janice cope up with her problems;
Atty. Santrock - the lawyer who handled the Janice's claim to her uncle's property, turned out to be the culprit of Janice's predicament;


When, Where, And How Glass Came To Be

Below is reading text taken from Testing Reading power. It is about how and when glass came to be. Given the wonderful information it could provide us about one of the most useful materials we have been using for ages - glass,  it is rather tempting to share this article with the world. No copyright intended. This is solely for educational purpose only.
glassmaking techniques
Have you ever asked yourself when glass came to be? We consider glass as one of the wonders of civilization, but because we see it often, we usually take it for granted. Glass in our windows today is so well made that we never stop to think that it is there. We notice it only when we look through it to see the objects beyond.

sand of the beach

No one knows when, where, and how glass came about but somebody somewhere happened upon the process of making glass. This somebody found that by melting sand and sodium salt together, a curiously new and different substance could be obtained. Pliny, and old Roman writer, told a story that glass was first made by some Tyrian sailors on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, although others considered this only a legend. The sailors, as the story goes, landed and prepared to cook their food. They propped up their kettles with rocks. When they put out the fire, they discovered that the sand of the beach had melted with sodium rock and formed a transparent substance - it was the first glass. These were used to embellish objects made of other materials.
18th dynasty of Ancient Egypt

The first objects produced entirely of glass appeared during the 18th dynasty of Ancient Egypt between 150 and 1358 B.C. These objects, mostly glass vessels, were made by applying a layer of molten glass over a fragile core. After the glass had hardened, the core was removed. Similar glass vessels were produced in Mesopotamia at about the same time so that some authorities believe that glass-making techniques originated in Mesopotamia. Molded glass and cutglass items were made there in the 7th and 8th centuries B.C. Afterwards, a major glass industry developed in the Near East and on the Eastern Mediterranean coast.

The technique of glassblowing was developed in Phoenicia in the last years of the 1st century B.C. This made possible new commercial applications of glass and resulted in the creation of magnificently decorated pieces of high quality. By the end of the 1st century A.D., many of the techniques now used in glassmaking had already been invented. It was at about this time that window glass was first used and that the carving of glass cameos was perfected in the Roman Empire. By this time also, glass was being produced in some parts of the Roman Empire as in England, France, Germany and Spain.

In the 4th and 5th centuries A.D., after the decline of the Western Roman Empire, the craft of glassmaking also waned in the West. However, the industry continued to thrive in the Near East and in Islamic Lands. There was a revival of glassmaking in Europe by the middle of the 12th century with the development of stained-glass windows for cathedrals and monasteries. However, a flourishing glass industry did not develop in Europe until the end of the 13th century when Venice become a major glassmaking center. By the 16th century, Venice had attained a dominant position in Europe's glass industry. Venetian glass was noted for the brilliance of its materials and its light, imaginative forms.

The ability of lead glass to bend light rays at different angles made lenses for eyeglasses, microscopes and telescopes possible. This was discovered by the Englishman, George Ravenscroft late in the 17th century. The 17th century also opened the glass manufacture in the United States. Constant improvements had since then been made in the mechanical methods used to form and decorate glass.

Many things around us are made of glass. They are even made into glass blocks of different colors used as walls, partitions, and parts of wall decors. Whenever we see an object made of glass, we do not have to wonder anymore for we now have a knowledge of the when and the where and a little bit of the how of glassmaking.

5 Reasons Why a Nuisance Candidate is Better than a Traditional Politician

5 Reasons Why a Nuisance Candidate is Better than a Traditional Politician
by Josh Fishy - 10/15/2015

Presidential elections 2016 is up and running. As every single day rolls by, the competition is getting more intense as aspirants draw nearer to the "day of reckoning".

As early as the second quarter of 2015, campaign ads on TV, radio, or even in newspapers have been banging the drum for their candidates.

More often than not, candidates who hit campaign trail at first light are those whom we dub trapo or traditional politicians. But just because they have been in the "business" for a prolonged period of time, it doesn't mean that they are the only option to choose from.

As the irony of fate would have it, however, voters don't have any other choice but to settle on trapos. But if one were to mull over the pros and cons between trapos and nuisance candidates, the latter would be at an advantage.

So here we go, why choosing a nuisance candidate over a traditional politician is better than the other way around.
  1. Nuisance candidates have never been tested in the world of politics and running a government, yet they may have bright ideas to solve our problems. Though giving them a try is suicidal, taking one's own life is better than being starved to death by power-hungry public officials.
  2. Trying out their platform of governance may be one of the reasons the so-called nuisance candidates opt to be chosen. So, to amass a huge amount of money at the expense of the laborers' blood and sweat is not their priority just yet.
  3. These hapless candidates intend to run without the machinery to buoy their candidacy, much less a penny in their pocket to support themselves. For this reason, having this kind of elections would be fair enough for candidates and voters alike given that whoever wins is not smeared of luring people with a scanty amount of cash.
  4. It is sometimes true that those who can really perform well are merely satisfied as part of the audience or are not given the break to shine. This is absolutely true to politics. And candidates considered as nuisance may have the potentials to make a difference.
  5. Our country has never been any different for many years. If there are some signs of progress, that would probably because of the fact that we have nowhere else to go from here except to take a turn for the better. Sad to say, the turn takes longer than what is supposed to be, and choosing someone unfamiliar may have the competence to make it faster.

What are Filipinos Like?

What are Filipinos Like By Leon Maria Guerrero

I would like to share the essay written by Leon Maria Guerrero, a Filipino diplomat and novelist one of the foremost Filipino nationalists of his era.

What are Filipinos Like by Leon Maria Guerrero

Nothing is so difficult as self- appraisal, and to answer the question in the title of this article, I thought it best to start by asking it. With no particular pattern in mind, I asked a number of foreign friends to give me their impression of the Filipino.

I was told that we were friendly, good-natured, loyal, idealistic, sentimental, socially gracious ("even the lower classes"), unwilling to accept responsibility, lacking in self-reliance, less hardworking than the Chinese, more intelligent than the Malays, imitative but less so than the Japanese, religious but no so mystical as the Indians, and, in general, the most adaptable of all the races in the Orient.

A Spaniard thought we were very like the Spanish; an American thought we were not American enough. A Frenchman remarked we were the only people in Asia with a sense of humor, at least the only ones who could laugh at themselves, which, when one thinks of it, was probably the prettiest compliment of all.

By way of contrast, our fellow Asians had a uniform tendency to laugh at us. A Siamese said we were pretentious. An Indonesian, in much the same vein, deplored our tendency to accept western standards at their face value. A Chinese thought we were improvident. An Indian was shocked by the cheapness in which human life was held by a people that could kill for a few centavos, a political argument, or a girl's ruffled feelings.

The history of the Philippines might well be read in these national characteristics. There is, to start with, a relatively simple explanation for our notorious lack of self-confidence, which means to be the main burden of compliment against us these days. For more than four centuries of colonial rule, we were not allowed to rely on ourselves. Colonialism also suggests the reason for a certain unwillingness to accept responsibility; for too long in our history, it was not accompanied by any real authority.

During the four centuries of colonial rule in the Philippines, the government was "foreign," the exclusive prerogative of a superior class, the special privilege of an alien race. Obviously, the Filipinos could not consider such a government as their own; they could not identify themselves with it; it was a thing apart, and more than that, a thing to be regarded with suspicion, hostility, even hatred.

The "government" did everything; it was responsible for everything; but it was not responsible to th people. On the contrary, the people were responsible to it, for taxes, forced labor, conscription, and all the varied catalogue of colonial duties, with no right to expect anything in return. The hard lessons drawn from the experience of many generations must be unlearned, if the Filipinos are to develop civic consciousness, a sense of participation in the government, and a sense of responsibility for the welfare of the country.

The establishment of an independent Filipino government was the fundamental prerequisite for the growth of true self-reliance. Nationalism had to be the mother of democracy.

Ironically enough, the Filipinos discovered that they could survive on their own resources only during the extremity of the Japanese occupation and the consequent American blockade. We then become self-reliant because we hat to, and it is possible that the only way we shall finally achieve economic independence is to be driven to it by stark necessity.

There is, however, another aspect of self-reliance which has nothing to do with colonialism and its remnants. When some Americans say that we lack it, they are thinking of our family system. They cannot understand why grown-up sons and daughters keep living with their parents even after they have married and begotten children of their own, or why they should feel under obligation to feed and house even the most distant "cousins" who find themselves in want.

This trait in not exclusive Filipino; it is common to most of Asia; and it is, I daresay, common to all rudimentary societies. Modern man looks to his government for security, but where the government, whether native or foreign, is still regarded as an alien, selfish force, the individual prefers to trust his bloodkin for what are in effect old age pensions or unemployment insurance. The family is an indispensable institution in these circumstances, and one cannot be too sure that people are happier where it has been supplanted by the state as the center of society.

Our adaptability or imitativeness is, like our family system, largely self-protective. Colonial peoples quickly learn to adapt themselves to foreign ways. The penalty is, at the very least, a kick in the behind. The reward, on the other hand, is a little more rice on the plate. So in the colonial Philippines, the man who could speak Spanish or English, who knew enough not to eat with is hands, or who could afford a foreign-cut jacket, had a reasonably better chance to get a job or a promotion.

That the Filipinos showed a precocious ability to imitate, and imitate to perfection, is perhaps indicated by our national male costume, which is nothing else than a shirt worn with its tails out. This seems to have been decreed by the Spaniards to make it possible to tell at first glance who was a Spaniard with the right to wear his shirttails properly tucked in, and who was the inferior "indio," with the obligation of flaunting them even when he was in full formals, complete to cane and top hat. It is an odd turnabout, not without a certain irony, that this badge of inferiority has been transformed into a cherished national institution, and that the white man in the tropics has actually followed suit by wearing his tails cut too in the fashionable sport shirt.

Human Viral Diseases And How To Avoid Them

How To Avoid Human Viral Diseases

As much as possible we want to stay in the pink of health. We spend money to buy foods that promote our health. We exercise to boost our immune system. And a whole lot more. However, no matter what we do, we just can't avoid getting sick.

How to avoid human viral diseases

On top of eating healthful foods and doing regular exercise, it is also better to come to know the different viral diseases, where to get them, and how to avoid them.

The term virus is the Latin word for poison, given this we know that it may be fatal. Viruses reach our body in several ways to wit: by direct contact, by indirect contact as by touching objects, and by inhaling particles spread by coughing or sneezing.

Take a look at the list below to find out the different viral diseases and their respective characteristics.
  • SARS
    • Corona Virus
      • Reservoir hosts: masked palm civets
  • AIDS
    • HIV (Retrovirus)
      • Destroys immune system; claims more than 3 million lives each year through infected blood or other body fluids
  • Rabies
    • Rhabdovirus
      • Acquired through bite of infected dogs, foxes, wolves, bats, raccoons, etc.
  • Hepatitis B
    • Hepa B
      • Acquired through intake of infected body fluids
  • Oral Herpes
    • Herpes virus
      • Acquired through intake of infected saliva
  • Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
    • Orthomyxovirus
      • Transmitted by birds (e.g. ducks, chickens)
  • Measles
    • Paramyxovirus
      • Spreads in fluid from the nose or mouth and in airborne droplets
  • Mumps
    • Paramyxovirus
      • Acquired through infected saliva
  • Polio
    • Poliovirus
      • Affects CNS, leads to paralysis
  • Yellow fever
    • Flavivirus
      • Transmitted through infected mosquito bite
  • German measles
    • Togaviruses
      • Inhalation of airborne droplets, intake of infected body fluids, discharges, wastes of infected person; transmitted to the unborn through the placenta
  • Equine encephalomyelitis
    • Reovirus
      • Reservoir hosts: turkeys, chickens, sparrows, pigeons, pheasants, gulls; occasionally through mosquito bite
  • Ebola (Acute H fever)
    • Filovirus
      • Acquired through intake of infected body fluids; early symptoms similar to flu or dysentery; virus easily mutates leading to rapid evolution of new strains
  • Gastroenteritis
    • Parvovirus
      • Eating infected shellfish
Now that we know some of the deadly viruses and their characteristics as well as their possible sources, we have a much greater chance to avoid them.

Filipino Traditions that have Changed or Gone Over the Years

Changes in Filipino Culture and Traditions

Filipino traditions that have gone or changedFilipino culture and tradition are a mixture of those brought by visitors in the past and those practiced by the locals before nonnatives came along.

Over the years, especially at the outset of information age and technological advances, a lot of these customs have changed or sadly gone. The young are so engrossed in their gadgets or social media that they shrug off keeping some Filipino practices which the past generations held very dear.

In random order, we make a list of what once were highly prized by our forebears that have slowly changed or died and buried.

  1. Organizing baileBaile, Spanish for dance, is like an informal ball or dance party held in a barangay or a village in the southern part of the Philippines. Before the turn of the 21st century, bachelors and maidens, who came from far and wide, attend this momentous occasion to get a chance to dance with the person they have a liking for. Men go around asking ladies they eyed to dance while a sweet music was played. These days, the term baile is Greek to most, if not all, teenagers.
  2. Taking part in religious procession. The centerpiece in a fiesta celebration is usually the patron saint, sometimes it's the Virgin Mary while some places pay homage to Jesus Christ. In the evening of the feast day, more people attend the last night of the novena and participate in a procession. But in recent years, there seems to be missing among the crowd. Most participants are elderly which is true in barangay fiesta. If the old who take the lead in this activity died, who would step into their shoes?
  3. Offering foods to the dead or souls. Though this practice doesn't seem to make any sense, people in the past believed that the souls of their loved ones paid them a visit on November 1 that they have to prepare the favorite foods of their decease beloved on the table or altar. Today, there may be a handful who still carry out this tradition which the young consider ridiculous.
  4. Playing traditional games. A lot of Filipino traditional games that kids nowadays have not tried to play or have not even heard of. Games like patinterotumbang presoluksong baka, and a whole lot more are gradually forgotten as years go by due to the existence of technology that has stolen the time of today's kids.
  5. Holding maƱanita. At day break, a birthday celebrant is awaken by his friends or family members singing birthday songs outside his house while bringing with them some foods to eat. This is still practiced by some people in these times, but younger generations may not be aware that a tradition like this exists.
  6. Speaking the vernacular fluently. I have not stayed in other provinces in the country for too long to be familiar with their respective dialects. But in the Visayas, teenagers can't speak their mother tongue without including Tagalog or English in their sentences. The old Cebuano dialect, for example, can only be heard on radio drama and which is on the verge of extinction.
  7. Wearing Sunday dress when attending Mass. Sunday dress could be any type of dress that doesn't make someone look seductive. Women today are fond of wearing tight jeans that reveals their curves which they also sport inside the church. The Catholic church has warned churchgoers no to wear this type of clothing, but nothing seems to stop them.
  8. Respecting the old. As time go by, some people don't seem to look up to their elders. They don't even call them manong or manang a word that signifies one's respect to someone of greater age. While most people still use respectful words to address a person, sometime in the future people would call one another by their names be that person is way older than the other.
  9. Doing haranaHarana is a traditional way of courtship in which the guy would serenade the girl he loves in a cold silent night. Today, harana is just a word girls want a guy to do for them.

Codes Of Ethics For Journalists

Codes Of Ethics For Journalists

Journalists like any other professions have to observe certain code of ethics in order for them to walk along the right path of responsible journalism.

PSSPA Code of Ethics, Journalist's Creed

Below are the code of ethics for PSSPA or Philippine Secondary Schools Press Association and the Philippine Journalists in general. Also shared here are the Canons of Journalism and the Journalist's Creed.

A. PSSPA Code of Ethics

Conscious of the honor of representing the student population of all public high schools in the Philippines, and the greater responsibility that the honor entails, the Philippine Secondary Schools Press Association pledges to do and uphold the following Code of Ethics:
  1. To cooperate at all times with the faculty in the improvement and betterment of the school and to give only constructive criticisms in regard to any school undertaking.
  2. To reflect good sportsmanship in writing by disregarding personal grudge and enmity.
  3. To avoid ironic personal jokes.
  4. To exclude from publication articles about the school that may draw wrong and unpleasant conclusions from those unaware of the real situation.
  5. To extend full credit to the author of any borrowed article.
  6. To be accurate and truthful in newspaper reporting.
  7. To correct errors brought to the attention of the staff.
  8. To strive hard for the best way of expression.
  9. To practice teamwork and discard individualism.
  10. To adopt new ideas and make changes whenever such will mean progress and development.
B. The Philippine Journalists Code of Ethics
  1. I shall scrupulously report and interpret the news, taking care not to suppress essential facts nor to distort the truth by omission or improper emphasis. I recognize the duty to air the other side and the duty to correct substantive errors promptly.
  2. I shall not violate confidential information on material given me in the exercise of my calling.
  3. I shall resort only to fair and honest methods in my effort to obtain news, photographs, and/or documents, and shall properly identify myself as a representative of the press when obtaining any personal interview intended for publication.
  4. I shall refrain from writing reports which will adversely affect a private reputation unless the public interest justifies it. At the same time, I shall fight vigorously for public access to information, as provided for in the Constitution.
  5. I shall not let personal motives or interests influence me in the performance of my duties; nor shall I accept or offer any present, gift or consideration of the nature which may cast doubt on my personal integrity.
  6. I shall not commit any act of plagiarism.
  7. I shall not in any manner ridicule, cast aspersion on, or degrade any person by reason of sex, creed, religious belief, political conviction, cultural and ethnic origin.
  8. I shall presume persons accused of crime of being innocent until proven otherwise. I shall exercise caution in publishing names of minors and women involved in criminal case so that they may not unjustly lose their standing in society.
  9. I shall not take fair advantage of a fellow journalist.
  10. I shall accept only such tasks as are compatible with the integrity and dignity of my profession, invoking the "conscience clause" when duties imposed on me conflict with the voice of my conscience.
  11. I shall conduct myself in public or while performing my duties as journalist in such manner as to maintain the dignity of my profession. When in doubt, decency should be my watchword.
C. Canons of Journalism (Adapted by the American Society of Newspaper Editors)
  1. Responsibility - The right of a newspaper to attract and hold readers is restricted by nothing but considerations of public welfare. The use of a newspaper makes of the share of public attention it gains serve to determine its sense of responsibility, which it shares with every member of its staff. A journalist who uses his power for any selfish or otherwise unworthy purpose is faithless to a high trust.
  2. Freedom of the Press - Freedom of the press is to be guarded as a vital right of mankind. It is the unquestionable right to discuss whatever is not explicitly forbidden by law, including the wisdom of any restrictive stature.
  3. Independence - Freedom from all obligations except that of fidelity to public interest is vital.
    1. Promotion of any private interest contrary to the general welfare, for whatever reason, is not compatible with honest journalism. So-called news-communications from private sources should not be published without public notice of their source or else substantiation of their claims to value as new both in form and substance.
    2. Partisanship, in editorial comment. which knowingly departs from the truth, does violence to the best spirit of American journalism; in the news columns it is subversive of a fundamental principle of the profession.
  4. Sincerity, Truthfulness, Accuracy - Good faith with the readers is the foundation of all journalism worthy of the same.
    1. By every consideration of good faith, every news paper is constrained to be truthful. It is not to be excused for lack of thoroughness of accuracy within its control or failure to obtain command of these qualities.
    2. Headlines should be fully warranted by the contents of the articles which they surmount.
  5. Impartiality - Sound practices makes clear distinction between news reports and expression of opinions. News reports should be free from opinion or bias of any kind.
  6. Fair Play - A newspaper should not publish unofficial charges affecting reputation or moral character without opportunity given to the accused to be heard. Right practice demands the giving of such opportunity in all cases of serious accusations outside judicial proceedings.
    1. A newspaper should not invade private rights or feelings without sure warrant of public right as distinguished from public curiosity.
    2.  It is the privilege, as it is the duty, of a newspaper to make prompt and complete correction of its own serious mistakes of fact or opinion, whatever their origin.
  7. Decency - A newspaper cannot escape conviction of insincerity if while professing high moral purpose, it supplies incentives to base conduct, such as are found in details of crime and vice, publication of which is not demonstrably for the general good.
D. The Journalist's Creed

The Journalist's Creed

I believe in the profession of journalism

I believe that the public journal is a public trust; that all concerned with it are, to the full measure of their responsibility, trustees for the public; that all acceptance of lesser service than the public service is betrayal of this trust.

I believe that clear thinking and clear statement, accuracy and fairness are fundamental to good journalism.

I believe that a journalist should write only what he holds in his heart to be true.

I believe that suppression of the news, for any consideration other than the welfare of society, is indefensible.

I believe that no one should write as a journalist what he would not say as a gentleman; that bribery by one's own pocketbook is a much to be avoided as bribery by the pocketbook of another, that individual responsibility may not be escaped by pleading another's instruction or another's dividends.

I believe that advertising, news, and editorial columns should alike serve the interests of readers; that a single standard of helpful truth and clearness should prevail for all; that the supreme test of good journalism is the measure of its public service.

I believe that the journalism which succeeds best - and best deserves success - fears God and honors man; is stoutly independent, unmoved by pride of opinion or greed of power, constructive, tolerant by never careless, self-controlled, patient, always respectful of its readers but always unafraid; is quickly indignant at injustice; is unswayed by the appeal of privilege or clamor of the mob; seeks to give every man a chance; is profoundly patriotic while sincerely promoting international goodwill and cementing world comradeship; is a journalism of humanity, and for today's world.

ICBC (Industrial and Commercial Bank of China) Personal Credit Loan

ICBC (Industrial and Commercial Bank of China) Personal Credit Loan

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China personal credit loan

According to Wikipedia ICBC is a Chinese multinational banking company, and the largest bank in the world by total assets and market capitalization as of February 2017. It is one of China's 'Big Four' state-owned commercial banks (the other three being the Bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China, and China Construction Bank).

For my Chinese visitors who want to know about the bank's personal credit loan, here are the things that you need to know.


RMB credit loan released by ICBC to borrowers with good credit track record. No guarantee is required.

☆ Features 

Loan amount and loan tenure: start at RMB 10,000, Loan tenure can be up to three years. 
Revolving Loan: apply once, use revolvingly, borrow and repay anytime, fast and convenient. Loan can be drawn by borrower himself/herself via merchant POS or Internet Banking.

☆ Application Conditions
  1. Chinese citizen with full civil capacity, aged between 18 (inclusive) and 60 (inclusive).
  2. Proof of legal and valid identity and permanent residency in the area where the loan is applied (or valid proof of residence).
  3. Stable source of income and ability to repay principal and interest of loan in full on time.
  4. Good credibility and sincerity to repay; no act of violations, no bad record.
  5. Risk level of class-B (inclusive) or above in ICBC's internal rating system on retail banking.
  6. A customer of four-star (inclusive) or above among the existing ICBC customers.
  7. Personal settlement A/C opened in ICBC.
  8. Other conditions stipulated by ICBC.
Apart from the above, borrowers should meet one of the following conditions:

(1) Mid/high-level management and senior professionals in ICBC's high-quality corporate or institutional clients. Among them, clients using ICBC payroll service must be full-time employees serving for at least three years, or military/paramilitary officials with Major rank or above.

(2) A customer of ICBC Private Banking, wealth management, Peony Platinum Card or Elite Club Account. Borrower using Elite Club Account must hold the ICBC Elite Club Account Card for 1 year (inclusive) or longer, and value of financial assets under the name of the borrower in previous 12 months must reach RMB 200,000 (inclusive) or above on daily average balance in every quarter.

(3) Apply personal loans without any pledge of RMB 1 million (inclusive) or above, no overdue records (including settled loans) in recent two consecutive years.

(4) Net asset (immovable property and financial assets) of the borrower and family of RMB 3 million (inclusive) or above, hold financial assets of RMB 500,000 (inclusive) or above on daily average for recent continuous six months.

(5) Top personal customers of other banks with eligibility criteria equivalent to ICBC Private Banking, wealth management or Peony Platinum Card or above.

(6) Annual personal pre-tax income of RMB 200,000 (inclusive) or above.

☆ Application Documentation
  1. Identity document and certificate of marital status of the borrower and spouse (marriage certificate, divorce certificate or statement of unmarried status).
  2. Borrower's proof of permanent residency (permanent residency booklet or other valid proof of residence).
  3. Borrower's proof of income and job profession.
  4. Certificate/statement of loan purpose, borrowers warrant that not to invest the loan in securities market, futures market, for real estate development or equity capital investment, or use the loan to acquire illicit income; 
  5. Borrowers also meeting the condition (1) must submit proof of employment in the company or professional technical class certificate issued by the related government department. Borrowers who work in the company using ICBC payroll service must submit the employment contract signed with the company.
  6. Borrowers also meeting the conditions (2)-(5) must supply all the accounts under their own name, vouchers of financial assets and proof of property ownership. 
  7. Borrowers meeting the condition (6) must supply the voucher of personal income tax payment in recent 12 months issued by the regional tax department.
  8. Other documentation required by ICBC.
The above is for reference only. Details refer to the rules drawn up by local ICBC branch. To save your time, please call your local ICBC before applying for the service.