Human Viral Diseases And How To Avoid Them

How To Avoid Human Viral Diseases

As much as possible we want to stay in the pink of health. We spend money to buy foods that promote our health. We exercise to boost our immune system. And a whole lot more. However, no matter what we do, we just can't avoid getting sick.

How to avoid human viral diseases

On top of eating healthful foods and doing regular exercise, it is also better to come to know the different viral diseases, where to get them, and how to avoid them.

The term virus is the Latin word for poison, given this we know that it may be fatal. Viruses reach our body in several ways to wit: by direct contact, by indirect contact as by touching objects, and by inhaling particles spread by coughing or sneezing.

Take a look at the list below to find out the different viral diseases and their respective characteristics.
  • SARS
    • Corona Virus
      • Reservoir hosts: masked palm civets
  • AIDS
    • HIV (Retrovirus)
      • Destroys immune system; claims more than 3 million lives each year through infected blood or other body fluids
  • Rabies
    • Rhabdovirus
      • Acquired through bite of infected dogs, foxes, wolves, bats, raccoons, etc.
  • Hepatitis B
    • Hepa B
      • Acquired through intake of infected body fluids
  • Oral Herpes
    • Herpes virus
      • Acquired through intake of infected saliva
  • Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
    • Orthomyxovirus
      • Transmitted by birds (e.g. ducks, chickens)
  • Measles
    • Paramyxovirus
      • Spreads in fluid from the nose or mouth and in airborne droplets
  • Mumps
    • Paramyxovirus
      • Acquired through infected saliva
  • Polio
    • Poliovirus
      • Affects CNS, leads to paralysis
  • Yellow fever
    • Flavivirus
      • Transmitted through infected mosquito bite
  • German measles
    • Togaviruses
      • Inhalation of airborne droplets, intake of infected body fluids, discharges, wastes of infected person; transmitted to the unborn through the placenta
  • Equine encephalomyelitis
    • Reovirus
      • Reservoir hosts: turkeys, chickens, sparrows, pigeons, pheasants, gulls; occasionally through mosquito bite
  • Ebola (Acute H fever)
    • Filovirus
      • Acquired through intake of infected body fluids; early symptoms similar to flu or dysentery; virus easily mutates leading to rapid evolution of new strains
  • Gastroenteritis
    • Parvovirus
      • Eating infected shellfish
Now that we know some of the deadly viruses and their characteristics as well as their possible sources, we have a much greater chance to avoid them.

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