National Achievement Test Reviewer

National Achievement Test Reviewer (Grade 10 English)

Josh Fishy
01-19-2016

In the Philippines, students' learning as well as teachers' effectiveness is measured through the National Achievement Test or NAT.

NAT reviewer for grade 10 english

By the fourth quarter of the school year, review classes are usually held in order to achieve high Mean Percentage Score or MPS which tells whether or not the students have achieved something.

To give both the students and teachers the idea what topics are to be reviewed, we make a list of what usually come out in this standardized test particularly in Grade 10 English.

We hope this simple National Achievement Test reviewer can be of help.

1
Emphatic and Reflexive Forms of Pronoun



1.   Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding the suffix self (singular) or selves (plural) to pronouns such as my, your, her, him, it, them and our.
My              +       self
= Myself
Your           +       self
= Yourself
Our             +       self
= Ourselves
Them         +       selves
= Themselves
It                +       self
= Itself

Example:

The dancers have prepared themselves for the dress rehearsal.

2. Emphatic pronouns are used to put emphasis on a pronoun, noun or a subject.

Example:
She herself does all the household chores.

2
Types of Verbals


1.   Participle is a verb form used as an adjective to describe or modify a noun or a pronoun. It is formed by adding -ing to the verb (present participle) and -ed or -en depending on whether the verb is regular or irregular (past participle).

Examples:
My daughter loves her new talking doll.
Watch out for the broken glass on the floor.

2.    Gerund is a verb form ending in -ing which functions as a noun in a sentence.

Examples:
Reading all day makes me feel dizzy.
I’m sick and tired of seeing all the mess around the house.

3.    Infinitive is a verb form preceded by the particle to that can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.

Examples:
To become an engineer has been my goal in life. (noun)
The first person to step on the moon was Neil Armstrong. (adjective)
I would like to apologize for what I have done. (adverb)

3
Proper Order of Adjectives



Sometimes using more than one adjective to describe something or someone is necessary.

The commonly used order of adjectives is the following:

1.   Determiner (a, an, the, my, your, four, those, some etc.)
2. Opinion (beautiful, handsome, exciting, boring, stupid, delicious, useful, lovely, comfortable)
3. Size (big, gigantic, high, small, tall, huge, tiny, etc.)
4. Shape / Weight / Length (round, square, circular, skinny, fat, heavy, straight, long, short, etc.)
5.  Condition (broken, stressed, cold, hot, wet, hungry, rich, easy, difficult, dirty)
6. Age (old, young, new, ancient, antique, etc.)
7.  Color (green, white, blue, reddish, purple, etc.)
8. Pattern or design (striped, plain, spotted, checkered, flowery, etc.)
9. Origin (American, Japanese, British, Italian, eastern, Australian, etc.)
10.   Material (gold, silver, wooden, silk, paper, synthetic, cotton, etc.)
11.     Purpose/Qualifier/Use: [sleeping (bag), gardening (gloves), shopping (bag), wedding (dress)]
     

Examples:
The boring old Italian teacher is not around.
Her skinny hungry black German Shepherd died yesterday.

4
Correct Use of Conjunctions


The three types of conjunctions:
1.   Coordinating conjunctions connect words, phrases, and clauses.
(For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So)


Examples:
I hate to spend my money on anything unimportant, for earning or saving it takes time.
Darlene doesn’t want to see you, nor does she want to speak with you on the phone.



2.    Subordinating conjunctions join subordinate clause and main clause. (after, although, if, unless, in order that, when, since, while, because, so that, before, even if, even though, though, however)

Examples:
You can’t leave the country unless you have the necessary documents.
We prepared some foods to eat while you were away.

3.    Correlative conjunctions link balanced words, phrases, and clauses. (both . . . and, either . . . or, neither . . . nor, not . . . but, not only . . . but also)

Examples:
Lea could neither sing nor dance.
She is not only beautiful but also intelligent.

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